The criteria that oriented the selection of the 78 buildings and projects studied in this research were previously defined in Professor Doctor Architect Ruth Verde Zein’s doctoral thesis “The Architecture of São Paulo Brutalist School 1953-1973” and her post-doctoral research “Exemplary Works of São Paulo Brutalist Architecture”. It is based on a comprehensive review of Brazilian architecture, with an emphasis on the Paulista architecture designed in the 1950-70s. A broad data bank was then organized, encompassing data on over 500 works whose characteristics can be included within the panorama and endeavors of the brutalist Paulista architecture. (Find out more information about dating and other features of the brutalist Paulista architecture in CONCEPTS.)
The final and more restricted selection offered here includes all the works designed from 1953 to 1960, and part of those designed from 1961 to 1973, a moment of exponential growth of the tendency in Brazil and elsewhere. This further selection privileged the paradigmatic works, those noticeable by their innovative quality, by their importance in the urban environment, by having been designed by relevant authors or by having won competitions or awards.
The works were sequentially organized and can be consulted through a TIMELINE. Its design was remade after the original graphics (see below) produced for the already mentioned doctoral thesis. The TIMELINE also includes other Brazilian and international reference works, to better clarify their situation among themselves and in relation with other Brazilian and international works. That may help to understand synchronic connections, to confirm or to question possible affiliation and/or creative dialogues between the Paulista brutalist architectures and the Brazilian and international panorama of that period.
Timeline (ZEIN, 2005)
DIGITAL MATERIAL PREPARATION
The Research Group “Architecture: Design&Research&Learning”(see TEAM) has developed studies and researches with the purpose of broadening the acknowledgment and diffusion of Brazilian and Paulista modern architecture main works, by means of surveying, systematizing and producing graphic, visual and textual information, based on specific collections, timely chosen, allowing its dissemination on the world wide web. The Research Group team of GPA:PPE has oriented and/or produced scientific and academic researches from undergraduate to graduate, master, doctor and post-doctoral degrees, conducted either individually or by teams including PhDs professors, graduated researchers, fellowship-awarded students, undergraduate and graduate volunteer students (see SUPPORT).
This research have included several phases: a bibliographical survey of the works and their authors, visual documentation of historical data, technical visits to the works and its visual documentation by digital images; in situ as built measurements. All that information was transformed in simplified CAD technical drawings. The texts included in this site summarize the analysis and studies of prof. Zein’s doctoral thesis.
One of the main goals of GPA:PPE researches is the desire to endow the design training process with the aid of architectural research to enhance the constitution of a consistent architectural repertoire. The photographic records and the CAD drawings here presented have been oriented with a pedagogical focus, in order to improve the skills of the team of students who took part in the research. The occasional irregularity of the quality of the results is accepted as part of this process. Conversely, there is a neat advantage of using original material, generated by the research itself, which allows its free publication and further use by other students and researchers. It is not a frozen result but a process, since the material here displayed will be constantly improved and updated.